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Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of carbohydrate containing food and drinks and is also produced by the liver. Carbohydrate comes from many different sources including starchy foods such as bread, potatoes and chapattis, fruit, dairy products, sugar and other sweet foods.

Insulin is vital for life. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas and helps the glucose to enter the cells where it is used as fuel energy so we can work, play and generally live out our lives.

There are two main types of Diabetes. These are :-

Type 1 Diabetes develops if the body is unable to produce any insulin. This type of Diabetes usually appears before the age of 40.

Type 2 Diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance). In most cases, this is linked with being overweight. This type of Diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 40. However, recently, more children are being diagnosed with the condition, some as young as seven. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common of the two main types and accounts for between 85 - 95% of all people with Diabetes.

What are the symptoms?

Some of the more common symptoms include :-

Exceptional thirst.
Dry mouth.
Frequent urination.
Loss of weight.
Weakness or fatigue.
Blurred vision.
Genital itching or thrush.
Cuts or sores that take a long time to heal.
Itching skin or yeast infections.

The tests that are applicable to this pathological condition are :-

However not all of the doctors will necessarily use all of these tests, some may use less and some more. Specific patients may require different tests and therefore the final selection of any tests must be made in conjunction with a medical doctor.

We appreciate that some readers have yet to decide upon the doctor and if you would like to receive a short list from which you can make the final selection please E-mail us. It is advisable that you identify the suspected or diagnosed pathological condition in order for us to provide the most appropriate options.
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