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The Hormonal System


The hormonal system is, to all intents and purposes, a messenger service that instructs the various parts of the body to undertake a specific action. The body has created a system whereby the content of the message is delivered to selected receivers. In simple terms the messenger and the reception point have to match each other. The messenger will move from receptor to receptor until it finds one which is able to accept the message. Simultaneously the body has created its own police force to ensure that the number of messengers is limited to specific quantities. When the policeman fails to act in accordance with the instructions the quantity of messengers either greatly exceeds the normal quantity or, alternatively, is insufficient.

To acknowledge receipt of the message the receptor despatches a feedback message using a separate source to the originator, acknowledging receipt and telling the originator that the required action has been undertaken. If it receives no feedback then the originator will try to break the rules and despatch a new message.

If The Hormonal System has produced an incorrect quantity of each messenger then slowly but surely it will have a profound effect upon the body and the nature of the illness developed will depend upon which hormones are in an imbalanced state.


The human body comprises different organs and tissues that are intertwined in a relationship. As with any relationship it is essential that they function together harmoniously as this creates the key to healthy life. To achieve this potentially utopian state messengers are recruited and are called hormones. They implement the changes requested for the normal functioning of the body.

The endocrine system contains specific cells that are responsible for the manufacture, the control and the release of hormones. Simultaneously a number of hormones are secreted into the endocrine system by the hypothalamus, which is the part of the brain. The levels of hormones are controlled by a number of “sentries” that permit activity within a prescribed range. When one of these sentries fails to undertake the designated task a person can become very ill.

The endocrine system despatches hormones to the various cells and organs, in every part of the body to influence their activities. Each hormone will circulate in the blood vessels / capillaries until it reaches a cell with a matching reception aerial. When the two signals are transferable then a message is delivered that will affect the cell.

For general hormones such as those affecting the growth or the production of energy the vast majority of the bodily cells will provide a compatible reception aerial. However some of the hormones carry signals for very special mating cells and these are normally located in specific areas of the body.

As most of us have experienced in life the feedback provides the key to success. The hormonal feedback includes the number of the receptor cells in the brain which senses the level of a hormone and they give the command to the hormonal gland to release, or to stop the release of the hormone into the blood circulation. Amongst the major endocrine glands are :-

1. The anterior pituitary and its actions influence The Thyroid gland, adrenal glands and gonads.

2. The posterior pituitary which influence affects the kidneys and blood vessels.

3. The pineal gland which influences the brain and governs the sleep cycle.

4. The adrenal glands which influence most cells of the body.

5. The thyroid gland which influences most cells of the body.

6. The para-thyroid glands which regulate the levels of calcium in the blood.

7. The pancreas which controls the level of glucose in the blood and its utilisation by the cells of the body. The pancreas also controls the functioning of the gastro-intestinal system.


This assay will provide invaluable information relating to 14 hormones. These hormones are categorised into 5 sub-groups amongst which are Corticoids, Androgens and Estrogens.

This assay is particularly useful when the patient is suffering from Inflammation, adrenal-related problems, sleeping problems and ovary functional activities.


1. Green, J. M. (1989). Basic Clinical Physiology, 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press, pp. 114.

2. Grossman, A. (1991). Psychoneuroendocrinology. Bailliere’s Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 5(1).

3. Kendall-Reed, P. and Reed, S. (2004). The Complete Doctor’s Stress Solutions, Understanding, Treating, and Preventing Stress and Stress-Related Illness. Robert Rose Inc., Toronto, Canada.

4. Thomson, A. D. and Cotton, R. E. (1983). Lecture Notes on Pathology, 3rd Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 289-304.
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