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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the cells of the breast in women and men. Worldwide, Breast Cancer is the second most common type of cancer after Lung Cancer (10.4% of all cancer incidence, both sexes counted) and the fifth most common cause of cancer death. In 2005, Breast Cancer caused 502,000 deaths worldwide (7% of cancer deaths; almost 15% of all deaths).

The breast is composed of identical tissues in males and females, Breast Cancer also occurs in males. Incidences of Breast Cancer in men are approximately 100 times less common than in women, but men with Breast Cancer are considered to have the same statistical survival rates as women.

What are the symptoms?

It is sad, but true, that when Breast Cancer develops it does not show any significant signs and when it shows it has already grown to an uncontrollable size. The first sign which is identified is the presence of a lump. But having a lump is not the sure sign as the woman may feel lumpy and tender before she undergoes her monthly menstrual cycle.

Lumps can also be the benign cells or non-lethal Cancer Cells and does not necessarily indicate Breast Cancer. If there is a sudden change in the sensation of the nipple, tenderness, sudden and unexplained changes in the appearance of the breast or the nipple, the nipple turned inward into the breast, a lump in the breast or in the underarm area, the skin on the breast, areola or nipple becomes red, scaly, swollen and may look like orange peel and fluid discharge or bleeding in the nipple these all point towards Breast Cancer.

Apart from these signs men should look for enlarged lymph nodes, areola sores, and pain in the nipple. However all these signs can be early signs of something else and to determine the exact cause of these signs contact a doctor.

The tests that are applicable to this pathological condition are :-


Tests: p53 Protein Level and p53 Gene Expression must be taken together.

However not all of the doctors will necessarily use all of these tests, some may use less and some more. Specific patients may require different tests and therefore the final selection of any tests must be made in conjunction with a medical doctor.

We appreciate that some readers have yet to decide upon the doctor and if you would like to receive a short list from which you can make the final selection please E-mail us. It is advisable that you identify the suspected or diagnosed pathological condition in order for us to provide the most appropriate options.
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